L-Citrulline – Non-essential amino acid known for its ability to increase vasodilation. Vasodilation is the widening and relaxing of blood vessels to allow more blood to flow at a higher rate, especially to the working muscles, giving us better muscle pumps.
Beta Alanine – The main source of endurance in pre workouts as it increases synthesis of carnosine, delaying fatigue and allowing you to train longer and harder every session. It works as a lactic act buffer. Beta alanine supplementation has also been shown to assist with vascularity and pump.
Betaine Anhydrous – Betaine plays a few roles in the body but is most known in the sports supplements industry for providing similar benefits to Creatine, as it also works as an osmolyte (maintaining cell volume and fluid balance)Betaine supplementation has been studied to have positive effects on muscular power, muscular endurance, strength & body composition.
Taurine – Enhances muscle function and fatigue resisting properties. It has been suggested in studies that the combination of Taurine and Caffeine offers significant improvements in mental performance. Taurine has been shown to contain properties that assist in the regulation of muscular contraction and force during strength and aerobic activity.
L-Tyrosine – Has been shown to improve alertness, attention, focus and mood. Tyrosine helps produce several brain chemicals such as dopamine, adrenaline & noradrenaline, so can help our bodies deal with stress and intense training.
Agmatine Sulphate – Helps inhibit the enzyme that breaks down nitric oxide in your body, resulting in higher nitric oxide levels. Nitric oxide promotes enhanced blood flow to muscles by reducing the friction associated with blood flow therefore increasing muscle pumps and vascularity.
Caffeine Anhydrous – Caffeine is a potent central nervous system (CNS) and metabolic stimulant. It works as a powerful stimulant to improve physical and mental performance by means of antagonising adenosine receptors, causing alertness and wakefulness. Caffeine Anhydrous is your immediate and explosive energy source in a pre.
L-Alpha Glycerylphosphorylcholine (Alpha GPC) – Used for enhancing cognitive/mental performance as it increases the brain cells ability to communicate with each other. It also increases power output during exercise via its influence on growth hormone production.
English Walnut Fruit (extract) – It is a psychoactive central nervous system stimulant which is used to enhance levels of both energy and mental alertness, similar to caffeine anhydrous and DHMA. English walnut not only helps with performance and mood/mental focus, but also provides a second source of immediate energy.
Infinergy DiCaffeine Malate – Infinergy is a precise combination of caffeine and malic acid fused together yielding a 75% caffeine and 25% malic acid blend – meaning Infinergy 100mg = 75mg of caffeine. Infinergy is a milder form of caffeine that has a longer-lasting stimulatory effect without the excessive “jitters” side effect that many users experience with caffeine anhydrous, also making this the 3rd source of longer lasting energy in this pre. Infinergy helps to reduce fatigue, improve concentration, increase physical performance & boost thermogenesis.
Bitter Orange – Contains a substance called Synephrine which is a stimulant and nootropic due to its affect on enhancing cognitive processes in the brain. Bitter orange helps increase energy and mental altertness during workouts.
Hordenine Hydrochloride – Is also very similar to the effects of synephrine as It also a stimulant and nootropic.